It is 12th rabi ul awal 1433 date of Islamic calendar. On 12th rabi ul awal 570, the Prophet Muhammad Mustafa peace be upon him entered in the world, and the most beautiful day for the Muslim ummah rose the sun with the most beautiful face of whole mankind. However, there is a contradiction on dates on which the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and his family) came to the world in the dawn either of twelve or seventeenth Rabi ul Awal. Digressing contradictions, I would like to talk about the gracious and merciful personality of the prophet.
Prophet Muhammad Mustafa (PBUH&HF) was (is) the son of Hadrat Abdullah ibn Hadrat Abu Mutalib A.S. and Bibi Aamna A.S. To the bravery of his grandfather and father, you were destined to be the forefather and fathers of the most beautiful, gracious, merciful and greatest personality of the universe. On the day, I am the happiest person to celebrate once again.
The lineage of Prophet Muhammad can be traced back to Prophet Ishmael, the son of Abraham, through Adnan, a descendent twenty-one generations removed.
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and his family) was brought up in a village by a wet-nurse. It was then a culture to send children to the countryside, as it was healthier for them. He was brought up by Bibi Haleema. Prophet Muhammad stayed with his wet nurse until he was five or six years old and was then brought to Makka and handed over to his mother. Halima’s husband was Harith ibn Abdil ’Uzza. The couple’s children, ‘Abd Allah, Unaysa and Shayma, were the Prophet’s foster siblings. Later, when he was orphaned, he was taken care by his uncle Abu talib, who is the father of Imam Hyder Ali A.S.
He embarked on his career in trade by helping Abu Talib A.S., who was involved in trading cloth and grain. Prophet Muhammad continued this trade when his uncle became older. It is known that Prophet Muhammad traveled to various places for purposes of trade, such as to the Hubasha trade fair when he was a teenager, to Yemen once or twice, to the Mushakkar and Daba fairs in eastern Arabia, and even to Abyssinia. As a result of these journeys, Prophet Muhammad not only learned about the necessities of commercial life, but also became acquainted with the people living in certain regions of Arabia, and learned about their languages, dialects, religions, and political and social conditions.
For his personality traits of honesty and truthfulness, he was widely known as Ameen and Sideeq (Trustworthy and Truthful respectively). He met a woman while dealing the business activities, named Bibi Khadeeja A.S. Because of her excellent manners and discipline, she was also called Bibi Tahira A.S. By the most respected personality of the great Prophet, she sent a message if he agreed to marry her. There is a contradiction if she was a widow or not, but I refuse to accept that she was a widow. She was also known as the princess of the Makkah (mecca).
According to many narrations, at the age of 40 the Hadrat Gabriel A.S. (the one of four angels) came down to Prophet Muhammad Peace be upon him in the cave, and revealed him that he was the last Prophet of the religion Islam. The revelation ayats are:
Arabic Text: بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Translation: In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
Arabic Text: اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ
Translation: Read: In the name of the Lord Who created. Quran: 96:1
Arabic Text: خَلَقَ الْإِنسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ
Translation: Created man from a clot of blood. Quran: 96:2
Arabic Text: اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الْأَكْرَمُ
Translation: Read: And your Lord is the Most generous, Quran: 96:3
Arabic Text: الَّذِي عَلَّمَ بِالْقَلَمِ
Translation: Who taught man the use of the pen, Quran: 96:4
Arabic Text: عَلَّمَ الْإِنسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ
Translation: and taught man that which he did not know. Quran: 96:5
These ayats are also known as the first revealed ayahs of the Holy Quran, which is the books of Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him and his family.
Afterwards, the great Prophet (peace be upon him and his family) was in a state of confusion if it was a dream or not, and then the first person to know about the revelation was his first wife, bibi Khadija A.S. She, then, went to the historian or hakeem of the time, who held and read the history books. He, narrating by prophecies, let her know that her Husband was destined to be a Prophet, the Last Prophet of Religion Islam.From the wife he had three children, one of them was Bibi Fatima A.S., the wife of Imam Hyder Ali A.S., and the mother of Imam Hassan A.S. and Imam Hussain A.S.
He remained silent for a few time, but after not much time he started preaching the straight forward way to the right guidance, to the right life and to the right path. After facing violence from the Makkah tribes, he resorted to patience and lived in cave nearby a village. It was the time when hijri calender existed, and the Ukhawat or Brotherhood of Madina (then Yathrib/Yasrib) inspired following generations.
Prophet Muhammad fought many wars in his life for the sake of humanity, the principles and regulations. He strove hard to bring peace to his region, and he was successful in retaining peaceful accord, called Meesaq e Madina, which was a written accord. The wars were fought for preserving independence at the time. Without wars, no one survived for long – either were conquered or defeated by aggression of war.
The Prophet Muhammad Peace be upon him and his family had 11 wives, the one Bibi Khadija A.S. is known as the four perfect women who had ever lived. The other three are Bibi Aasiya, the wife of Firaun, Bibi Maryam, the mother of Prophet Isa(a.s.), and Bibi Fatima Zahra(s.a.), the daughter of the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him and his family. According to Shit’te narrations, Prophet had only one daughter, named Bibi Fatima A.S.
In 632, at the end of the tenth year after the migration to Medina, Muhammad carried through his first truly Islamic pilgrimage, thereby teaching his followers the rites of the annual Great Pilgrimage (Hajj). After completing the pilgrimage, Muhammad delivered a famous speech known as The Farewell Sermon, at Mount Arafat east of Mecca. In this sermon, Muhammad advised his followers not to follow certain pre-Islamic customs. He declared that an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good action. He abolished all old blood feuds and disputes based on the former tribal system and asked for all old pledges to be returned as implications of the creation of the new Islamic community.
In the end, the rumors about the great personality are only asserted by the chickpeas. Those chickpeas possess two different personalities, first one is what he shows, the other one is in heart. The lack of original text about his life is the reason of all rumor phenomena in the world. No one has, even generally, right to talk against any one abusively, and this is the great Prophet (peace be upon him and his family).
Eid Milad un Nabi Mubarak, everyone!